Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Introduction For A Business Ethics Essay Example For Students

Presentation For A Business Ethics Essay Morals in Business From a business point of view, working under government agreements can be an extremely rewarding suggestion. When all is said in done, a surge of requests continue coming in, income increments and the organization develops in the total. The conspicuous destructions to working thusly is both better expected just as the broad examination and documentation required for government contracts. On the off chance that a section neglects to perform effectively it can cause minor glitches just as issues that can convey genuine repercussions, for example, in the National Semiconductor case. At the point when both the at fault part and friends are discovered, the inquiry emerges of how broad these repercussions ought to be. Is the organization as a substance obligated or do you investigate singular representatives inside that organization? From a moral viewpoint one would need to take a gander at the alleviating variables of both the workers and their bosses alongside the job of others in the disappointment of these parts. Next you would need to break down the last decision from a corporate viewpoint and afterward we should analyze the large scale issue of corporate obligation so as to endeavor to discover a goals for cases like these. The first moderating element engaged with the National Semiconductor case is the vulnerability, with respect to the workers, on the obligations that they were relegated. It is conceivable that during the testing technique, a representative couldnt recognize which parts they were to test under government gauges and business norms. Now and again they may have even been misled on the last shoppers of the items that they tried. Truth be told, obliviousness with respect to the representatives would completely pardon them from any ethical duty regarding any harm that may result from their work. Regardless of whether it is concluded that a workers is completely pardoned, or is given some ethical obligation, would need to be taken a gander at on an individual premise. The second moderating variable is the coercion or dangers that a representative may endure on the off chance that they don't finish their task. After the sham testing was finished in the National Semiconductor labs, the documentation division likewise needed to misrepresent reports expressing that the parts had outperformed the administrative testing gauges. From a lawful and moral angle, both the analyzers and the scholars of the reports were just going about as specialists on direct requests from a prevalent. This was additionally the situation when the plant in Singapore wouldn't misrepresent the reports and were later adulterated by the representatives at the have California plant before being submitted to the endorsement advisory groups (Velazquez, 53). The essayists of the reports were very much aware of the circumstance yet they acted as such on the guidance of a chief. Acting in a moral way turns into an auxiliary need in this sort of c ondition. As expressed by Alan Reder, . . . on the off chance that they the workers feel they will endure requital, on the off chance that they report an issue, they arent too liable to even think about opening their mouths. (113). The laborers realized that if the reports were not misrepresented they would go under addressing and maybe their business would go into peril. Albeit working under these conditions doesn't completely pardon a representatives from moral deficiency, it begins the unveiling procedure for deciding the request for the hierarchy of leadership of bosses and it assists with narrowing down the individual or division that gave the first solicitation for the dishonest demonstrations. The third moderating variable is one that maybe includes most of the representatives in the National Semiconductor case. We need to adjust the immediate inclusion that every representative had with the imperfect parts. Therefore, it must be clarified that a considerable lot of the worke rs didn't have an immediate obligation with the testing divisions or with the parts that in the end fizzled. Indeed, even representatives, or sub-temporary workers, that were straightforwardly engaged with the creation didn't know about the ineptitude with respect to the testing office. For instance, the electrical designer that structured the inadequate PC chip could act in accordance with some basic honesty that it is tried to guarantee that it did in fact meet the necessary government perseverance tests. Likewise, for the workers that took care of the part after the testing procedure, they were managing what they accepted to be a segment that satisfied each legislative guideline. On the off chance that it was not tried appropriately, and did in the end come up short, isnt the testing office more ethically capable than the planner or the mechanical production system specialist that was accountable for introducing the chip? In addition, in enormous enterprises there might be a few testing offices and is a few cases one might be considered more capable than another relying upon their inclusion. A procedure like this can fill the double need of finding flighty representatives just as those that are ethically pardoned. The fourth alleviating factor in instances of this nature is the measuring of the earnestness of the flaw or mistake brought about by this item. Since National Semiconductor was over and again being reestablished to the recorded of affirmed government contractual workers, one can securely expect that the degree of reality, in the assessment of For the temporary worker endorsement panels, isn't of stupendous significance. However one needs to think about how this case would have been unique if the absence of testing caused the death toll in either a residential or remote military setting. Maybe the repercussions would have come quicker significantly more severe. The way that National Semiconductor didn't cause a passing doesn't make them a sheltere d organization. They are still to be considered liable for any mistakes that their items cause, regardless of the size. Concerning the resistance to the designating of good obligation, alleviating factors and pardoning factors, they would contend that the element of the organization all in all ought to be considered dependable. The officials inside a partnership ought not be compelled to draw out the entirety of the representatives capable into an open discussion. An organization ought to be denounced and be disregarded to do its own interior examination and repercussions. From a business law viewpoint this is the perfect case since an organization is characterized similar to a different lawful substance. Besides, the restriction would contend that this goals would profit both the organization and the administration since it would not bother either party. The first goals in the National Semiconductor case was thusly. The legislature for all time expelled National from its endorsed c ontractual workers rundown and afterward National set out to unwind the snare of culpability inside its own limits. This permitted a generally snappy goals just as the perfect situation for National Semiconductor. Accordingly, one could contend that the element of an enterprise has no ethics or even an idea of the word, it is just as good and moral as the representatives that work in that substance. The entirety of the representatives, including top positioning administrators are progressing in the direction of propelling the substance known as their company (Capitman, 117). All representatives, including the sub-temporary workers and sequential construction system laborers, are in some part ethically dependable on the grounds that they ought to have been sure about their business obligations and they the sum total of what ought to have known about which parts were proposed for government use. Equivocalness isn't a pardoning variable of good obligation regarding the laborers. Additi onally, the way that a few workers neglected to act in a moral way gives much progressively moral obligation to that representative. While some are certainly more ethically capable than others, each worker has some weight of weight for this situation. Indeed, when the administration arrived at a last goals, they chose to additionally force repercussions and certain representatives of National Semiconductor were restricted from future work in any administration office (Velazquez, 54). Taking a gander at the case from the point of view of National Semiconductor, the result was good considering the other advances that the legislature could taken. As clarified previously, it is perfect for an organization to have the option to direct its own examination just as its own disciplines. All things considered, it would be best for an organization to figure out what explicit offices are dependable as opposed to having a courtroom force a weight on each representative in its company. However, s ince there are moral issues of deceitfulness and mystery included, National Semiconductor ought to have directed an exhaustive examination of their representatives just as their own practices. It is through endeavors like these that a partnership can increase the moral expectation of everybody in their association. This case brings into light the entire issue of corporate duty. The different sides that must at last be adjusted are the personal matters of the organization, with fundamental objective of most extreme benefit, and the effects that a company can cause on society (Sawyer, 78). To additionally fortify this need, one could contend that there are not many business choices that don't influence society in way or another. Actually, with the plenty of partnerships, society is being influenced on different fronts; everything from water sullying to air sack wellbeing is a worry. The most concerning issue that we all must battle with is that each choice that a business makes is che cked by the money related obligation to their organization rather than their social duty to the neighborhood network, and sometimes, the universal network. This was called attention to on different events as the primary motivation behind why National Semiconductor misrepresented their reports. The cost that the full tests would bring about didn't exceed their overall revenues. Their negotiating prudence lead them to do what all organizations need . . . most extreme benefit. In the assessment of the administrators, they were acting in a reasonable way. All things considered, no official needs to consider themselves ethically unreliable. (Capitman, 118). The inquiry that normally emerges, in discussing corporate duty, is

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Haydns Impact on the Enlightenment free essay sample

Austrian arranger during the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment. He majorly affected the Enlightenment and Scientific Revolution by giving his structures a particular style. His balanced character drove him to be known as an Ideal man of the Enlightenment. We will compose a custom paper test on Haydns Impact on the Enlightenment or on the other hand any comparable point explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page Haydn Impacted the Enlightenment by furnishing his arrangements with particular style. He began his vocation when he was recruited by the Strachey family, allowing him to compose and create ensembles and direct orchestras.Also known as the Father f the Symphony or String Quartet, he Invented the Idea of sonatas (History Reference Center 1 HIS most popular piece, the Emperor Quartet, was so elegantly composed that It was the national song of devotion of Austria until the finish of World War l. Without the direction of the Strachey family and the opportunity to compose and make, Heydays vocation would not have been as affecting. Haydn was a perfect man of the Enlightenment. He had an extraordinary comical inclination, and adored pulling pranks on his companions. Being an ardent Catholic, at whatever point he experienced difficulty forming, he would go to his rosary, looking for direction, which was consistently effective.Haydn had great character, Chick was found in his music (History Reference Center 6). Being a perfect man of the Enlightenment assisted with facilitating Heydays vocation as an author. Being an Austrian writer during the Enlightenment, Haydn started to make new melodic thoughts. He changed the possibility of Baroque and made his own. He utilized thoughts, for example, nuance, peak, difference, and anticipation and set up it and made (History Reference Center 4). While working with arrangers, for example, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and Ludwig van Beethoven (they didn't get along), they got theClassical Period of the Enlightenment. Making new melodic thoughts and beginning the Classical Period affected Heydays profession as an author. All in all, Franz Joseph Haydn majorly affected the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment. He made new melodic thoughts, which started the Classical Period during the Enlightenment. He was a perfect man of the Enlightenment, which indicated the world how incredible his character was and the nature of his character. Haydn gave sytheses an unmistakable style, naming him the Father of the Symphony and String Quartet.

Sunday, August 16, 2020

Finding Your Place...

Finding Your Place... Applying to college is one of the most stressful experiences I have had to go through. Another stress-ridden experience I’ve had to go through was trying to decide where I was going to spend the next four years of my life. The pressure of picking the place where you’re going to spend “the best four years of your life” or “where you’re going to earn your degree” is overwhelming. So, I thought making a list of things seniors should know when trying to decide on which college they should attend might help. You may not get accepted into your dream school.   While disappointing at first, don’t let it affect your attitude of the whole college application process. Explore every possible option.   Look at a variety of schools with a variety of majors. Many students change their majors, so you want to make sure the school you are choosing is diverse in every aspect. Look at the big picture.   How much debt could you incur by attending College A instead of College B? Do you want to go to grad school? Consider finances, programs, location, size, campus safety, dorm life and food, class sizes/student-to-faculty ratio, culture, national ranking, etc. Distance is more important than you think.   Are you going to take a car? If not, how are you planning on visiting home? How often do you want to visit home? Illinois is only two hours from my home, so it is far enough for me to feel independent but close enough for my parents to bring me snacks and other necessities if I run out, or even just if I want to go home for a weekend. Make your own decision and be confident in the choice you make.   This is the first “real” decision you get to make. So, follow your heart. While it’s important to listen to your parents advice, it’s also important to do what makes you happy. Also, many people commit to a college the same day they get accepted (which is what I did), which may make you feel pressured to make a quick decision. Don’t worry! You have until May 1, and it’s perfectly okay if you need to take until that day to decide where you want to go. You’re going to be happy you took your time to make a decision that was best for you. Nisha Class of 2022 The first time I visited Illinois, I knew that it was the school for me! I am on the pre-med track, majoring in Psychology in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Computer Advancement Of Computer Technology - 1139 Words

It seems that the advances of today are moving far more rapidly than people have ever thought about. The only question is that how much farther can we go in the advancement of computer technology to support people. One of the ways to support people is in the area of Firefighting. In this field the firemen with help of computers is allowed to help civilians when they are in need. The job of now is becoming a little safer to do because of newly advances by computers in the firefighting field. Three important ways computers have contributed is in the ways firemen can refine their own personal knowledge of the job, personal protective equipment (PPE), and one of the tools invented to locate people. The topic for computer advancement, is of a field that is one of the most critical services given to people. Why? It is one of most demanding jobs because of what the fireman actually does. In most senses his or her job is not to only fight fires, but also to search out for life within the fire, administer aid if needed, along with the searching for clues to what might have been the cause for the accident or blaze. The Fireman combines the work ethic of not only his or her job, but along with knowledge of a nurse and police officer. True, he or she does not always play a role on the other areas besides fighting fires, but they have to be able to pick-up where ever they are needed in whatever role. In order to broaden the knowledge of the firemen, it is most commonly done through newShow MoreRelatedComputer Technology And Its Advancement765 Words   |  4 Pages Computer Technology and its Advancement in Nursing As nursing students, we are taught to utilize the nursing process in almost every aspect of our work. The nursing process communicates and coordinates care with all other clinical disciplines. It assists in coordinating discharge planning, education, teaching, and transition of care. Utilizing informatics and healthcare technologies is one of the nursing essentials of the Master’s in Education Program. Nursing is the hub of information flow in allRead MoreImpact Of The Advancement Of Computer Technology2210 Words   |  9 PagesKeseman English 12 10/7/14 Impact of the Advancement of Computer Technology Almost everyone in the world uses computers today, but they were not always a large part of society. The advancement of computers have been substatially crucial in changing how the world is connected together. Computers are considered to be one of the most important inventions ever. Computers have allowed technology to become what is in the modern day world. This computer technology has been so helpful and has been able toRead MoreComputer Hardware Engineering : The Advancement Of Technology1246 Words   |  5 PagesComputer Hardware Engineering The advancement in technology has made an evolution in the world today. Everything people use now is because of the advancement of technology. The social media used now and all of the jobs are based around today’s technology. Technology has changed the work industry in everything from textile making, to computer chips. The machines and all of the tools used we designed and made with technology. Computer engineers are working every day to make technology better. ComputerRead MoreCyberCrime Essay704 Words   |  3 Pages Computers have improved a great deal from the time that they were invented to the present. They have even improved a great deal from year to year. This may be positive, but then again it has a negative effect on society. The use and advancement of technology has increased different types of crimes like the following; terrorism, black marketing, and theft crimes. It is also responsible for the success of their respective criminal assets. These technologies related crimes are described byRead MoreAnalysis Of Thomas Friedman And Wendell Berrys The World Is Flat1224 Words   |  5 Pagesfavorable side towards the advancement of technology. In Thomas Friedmans The World is Flat, he discusses the favorable aspects of technology, and how the advancement of technology is making our world â€Å"flatter.† Friedman is not opposed to this change and is in fact impressed with the new era we have entered into, as well as the positive aspects of technology. On the other hand, Wendell Berry’s Why I am Not Going to Buy a Computer shows the other side of technology, and would not agree with manyRead MoreThe History and Technology of the Computer in the Nineteenth Century1590 Words   |  7 PagesIn our fast pace society, technology is ever changing. This has ultimately resulted in technology always being at our fingertips. On an average day so many people are dependent on computers for their capabilities; includ ing, police officers, small businesses, Wall Street, and even the average person for leisure. Without the invention of the first mechanical computer design in 1822 by Charles Baggage, our society would not be where it is at today. The computer has been noted to be most of theRead MoreThe Role of Technology Advancements in Society837 Words   |  3 PagesTechnology advancements have played an enormous role in society. One example of technology that has been used universal is the computer. The computer has unquestionably impacted popular culture in America. After the Industrial Revolution, the computer age developed. The Computer Age (also known as the Information Age) was a period in human history where new forms of research, work and communication developed in the United States. From the beginning of the decade, to the end, advancements in the computerRead MoreTechnology And Technology1170 Words   |  5 Pagesdiscusses how the advancement of technology is making our world †Å"flatter.† Friedman is not opposed to this change and is in fact impressed with the new era we have entered into, as well as the positive aspects of technology. On the other hand, Wendell Berry’s Why I am Not Going to Buy a Computer shows the other side of technology, and would not agree with many of the points Friedman brought up. Berry suggests that computers are not necessary and demonstrates the negative aspects of technology. AccordingRead MoreMicrosoft : The Rise Of Technological Development1607 Words   |  7 Pagespersonal computing (a new approach in technological advancement). Microsoft allows the expansion of new horizons and the ability to bring about change throughout the world. During the rise of technological development, Microsoft had significant outcomes throughout the time period, which carried on to have lasting residual effects on society today. During the early 1970’s, computers as we know them now, did not exist. That being the case, personal computers were a thing of fantasy and imagination. As 1975Read MoreThe Effects Of Computers On Children s Early Childhood Education Essay1737 Words   |  7 Pagesnearly impossible to keep up without technology. Computers especially, are needed in most American’s everyday lives. So why would early childhood education be any different? From the beginning stages, there has always been a debate of whether computers have a positive or negative impact on children, young children especially. As computers have intergraded themselves into many children’s lives and their education, the debate is even more prominent. Supporters of computer use in early childhood education

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Analysis Of Up From Slavery By Booker T. Washington

As years went by, the American Progressive Era began to advance in numerous ways in which African Americans were now Freedman. However, with the uprising of racial equality, hatred and hostility toward African Americans grew tremendously due to white supremacists fearing loss of power and control over the nation. For this reason, white people passed the Jim Crow laws to complicate African American lives by segregating them and giving them unequal opportunities to work, education, and etc. As a result, Booker T. Washington and W.E.B Dubois work on achieving equality and civil rights. On Up from Slavery, Booker T. Washington argues that â€Å"It is important and right that all privileges of the law be ours, but it is vastly more important†¦show more content†¦Moreover, W.E.B. Dubois’s main idea is that African Americans do not need to prove themselves to nobody and they deserve equality. What Washington is doing is accepting social segregation and racism, which should not be tolerated for any reason. In addition, he demands that his race should not wait for equality as it should be given already. In his point of view, he sees everyone the same and no race should be superior to one another, so they should not wait to feel accepted by the white race. They are already worthy of their rights and deserve the same opportunities as others. He believes that every individual should be treated with respect and dignity. Civil rights should be given not something that should be achieved within time of years to show an individual’s worth. Racism is and will always be wrong. A person should never feel inferior towards another human being. W.E.B. Dubois is right, people should be treated equal and there should not be any compassion for any type of discrimination. As a native born Mexican with citizenship, people from Mexico tend to feel less worthy than Mexicans with papers. This is a result of them believing that the people from the U.S. are better tha n them and feel inferior to them. No matter what country, race, color, religion, etc. an individual is, they should never feel inferior. Every person is worth of love, respect, and compassion. Everyone has basic needs to survive and nobody escapes death, so no need to hate one another.Show MoreRelated Inadequate Social Change of Booker T. Washington Essay1571 Words   |  7 PagesThere has been much debate over Booker T. Washington and the effectiveness of his work at Tuskegee Institute. Some believe that he was a pioneer for black education in a time when few had the opportunity. Others believe that his conformity to the white ideal of what a black man should be hindered his ability to create real social change for his race. In his autobiography, Up From Slavery, Washington maps out his life from its humble beginnings as a slave up through the success of his school, TuskegeeRead MoreThe Life Of Frederick Douglass, Web Dubois, And Booker T Washington1323 Words   |  6 PagesYO OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO INTRO YO: Throughout history, all over the world, people have been enslaved and mistreated based on various arbitrary factors. From the slavery of cultures all over the world, to racial oppression of today, these people have been subjected to subhuman cruelty. In America, the turning point for this mistreatment was the late 19th century and early 20th century. With the civil war and the passage of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the ConstitutionRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book The Souls Of Black Folk 1026 Words   |  5 PagesBlack people were rejected from the area of politics, as southern states amended their constitutions to deny Black American citizens their voting rights that had been ratified by the Fifteenth Amendment. The beliefs of racial uplift, was an idea that placed responsibility on educated Black people for the well-being of the majority of their race. This was a reaction to the assault on African American civil and political rights, also known as â€Å"the Ne gro problem (Washington 8).† During this era, thereRead More Social and Economic Equality of African Americans in America1715 Words   |  7 Pagesthe struggle for equal rights, there have been courageous Black leaders at the forefront of each discrete movement. From early activists such as Frederick Douglass, Booker T. Washington, and W.E.B. DuBois, to 1960s civil rights leaders and radicals such as Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, and the Black Panthers, the progress that has been made toward full equality has resulted from the visionary leadership of these brave individuals. This does not imply, however, that there has ever been widespreadRead MoreSummary Of Du Bois 1782 Words   |  8 Pagesknow African Americans who are nice or tell him about how they fought in the War to end slavery. Du Bois is courteous when people say these things. Following this, Du Bois recalls his time as a schoolboy in New England. One day, Du Bois and his schoolmates were exchanging cards. DuBois couldn’t believe it when a girl who was new to the school wouldn’t take his card. He realized, then, that he was different from the other children (who were probably white). Du Bois then decided he lived within theRead More Dubois v. Washington Debates Ess ay1872 Words   |  8 PagesDubois v. Washington Debates The Afro-American Almanac located on Professor Tygiel’s â€Å"Sites of Interest to History Majors† have a copy of Booker T. Washington’s famous â€Å"Atlanta Compromise† speech that he delivered in 1895. Neither before, nor since, has one speech had such a profound effect upon the career of a politician and the people that he sought to represent. Indeed, Washington’s primacy was assured when he in dramatic fashion promised (eye witness accounts have him thrusting hisRead MoreThe Identity Of African Americans1758 Words   |  8 Pageswas a slave â€Å"too (Douglass 325). From the beginning Douglass has started with his identity â€Å"Douglass, in his old age, still bravely stood for the ideals of his early manhood, - ultimate assimilation through self-assertion and on no other terms† ( Washington 254). Douglass stood for his race which helped him enhance himself with his culture. â€Å"I never loved any or confided in any people more than my fellow-slaves† ( Douglass 402). He supported his culture from the beginning to the end and thisRead MoreBooker T. Washington Essay2321 Words   |  10 PagesBooker T. Washington was one of the most well-known African American educators of all time. Lessons from his life recordings and novelistic writings are still being talked and learned about today. His ideas of the accommodation of the Negro people and the instillation of a good work ethic into every student are opposed, though, by some well-known critics of both past and current times. They state their cases by claiming the Negro’s should not have stayed quiet and worked their way to wear they didRead MoreB. Du Bois Essay1447 Words   |  6 Pagesfor equality. As a prolific writer and speaker he was regarded by many as a prophet. Historical record researched and documented revealed, Du Bois is mostly â€Å"known for his conflict with Booker T. Washington over the role of blacks in American society. In an essay on Booker T. Washington, Du Bois praised Washington for preaching Thrift, Patience, and Industrial trainee emasculation effects of caste distinctions, opposes to the higher training of young African-American minds†. My essay will focus onRead MoreWilliam Edward Burghardt Du Bois1252 Words   |  6 PagesMassachusetts. While he grew up an African-American in a mostly white community, he attended an integrated school and excelled there. When he was old enough, his neighbors and church raised enough money for him to attend Fisk University in Nashville from 1885 to 1888. Because he had never been south before, this is where he first experienced racial pr ejudice and Jim Crow laws. After college, he went on to study in Berlin and receive both his masters and Ph.D. from Harvard University. Then, he began

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Islamic Neighborhood Free Essays

string(21) " of worship as well\." Definition of neighbor from the Islamic perspective Neighbor is translated as â€Å"al Jar† in Arabic terminology. It is derived from the word â€Å"jawara† which is a verb. Literally, â€Å"al-jar† has been defined as â€Å"al-musakanah† which means living, residing, lodging, dwelling or inhabiting side by side. We will write a custom essay sample on Islamic Neighborhood or any similar topic only for you Order Now Indirectly, it also refers to believers and unbelievers, religious and irreligious, friends and enemies, foreigners and fellow countrymen, those who treat you well and those who would do you harm relatives and strangers, those whose houses are near yours as well as those who are further away. Another meaning given to â€Å"al-jar† is ‘al-mulasaqah† which has been translated as sticking, holding fast, adhering to as in the case of a building or a tract of land. It can also be translated as adjoining or touching. Basically, the definition of â€Å"al-mulasaqah† conveys the concept of the three way relationship (Total Planning Doctrine, JPBD) and furthermore broadens the concept of neighbor which is believed to be more appropriate in current situation. In addition, it was stated in Faruqi’s Law Dictionary that â€Å"al-mulasiq â€Å"is juxtaposition while â€Å"mulasiq al-jar† is an abutter.It is understood that â€Å"al-mulasiq† can be Almighty who is close to us and the environment in which we live. Meanwhile, â€Å"mulasiq al-jar† refers to a person who resides or dwells near to another person. He or she can be either a partner in residence or a partner in land possession or a spouse. According to Islamic scholar, Al-Shafi’i, every person who is physically close to another person is called a neighbor. However, the common opinion is that a neighbor is a person whose house is located near to another’s house.That person is considered as neighbor to another and vice versa. The technical meaning of â€Å"al-jar† is the same as the literal meaning. It is the closeness or proximity of residence. In the fourth chapter of the Qur’an, entitled Nisa (Women) God commands us to Serve God, and join not any partners with Him; and do good to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, those in need, neighbors who are near, neighbors who are strangers, . . . (Nisa 4:36). Boundaries of neighborhood in Islam There are many opinion based on Muslim scholars regarding the boundaries of neighborhood.According to al-Shafi’iyyah and al-hanabilah, the residents of forty houses in every direction are considered as neighbors. However, according to al-Malikiyyah, he opined that the neighbors can be those who live side by side or opposite or the residents who assembles in a mosque or two mosques in which the residents congregated must not be situated far away. Therefore, the residents will be deemed as neighbors. However, al-Malikiyyah concluded their opinion with the statement that the limitation of neighborhood depends to great extent on customary practices (â€Å"urf†). Abu Hanifah and Zufar confined their definition of neighbor to an abutter only. On the contrary, Abu Yusuf and Muhammad suggested that a neighbor is an adherent person and others who assemble in a mosque. Their definition of neighbor is a combination of local practices and the technical meaning of the term as mentioned earlier. Subsequently, Ali bin Abi Talib prescribed the meaning of neighbor as being as far as the call to prayer can be heard from a particular mosque. Otherwise, people who cannot hear the call to prayer (azan) from that mosque are not considered as neighbor.Apart from that, there is also an additional condition been imposed on the meaning of neighboring or â€Å"al-mujawarah† which is â€Å"al-Ikhtilat† which means socialize. In other words, there is no concept of neighborliness without socializing among the community and in order to well verse the concept of socializing; they must be assembled in a mosque. As additional information, according to Islamic teachings, the closest neighbor is one’s spouse. The next closest neighbor is the one whose door is closest to ours. It is narrated from the Prophet’s wife Aisha that she asked, â€Å"O messenger of God!I have two neighbors, to which one of them should I give a gift? † The Prophet said, â€Å"To the one whose door is nearest to yours. † According to Muslim historians, the closest neighbor at the time of this question was not a Muslim. From this prophetic tradition, it is clear that when it comes to the observation of neighbors’ rights, it makes no difference whether the neighbors are Muslim or non-Muslim. Furthermore, from this prophetic tradition we understand that Muslims are encouraged not only to treat our neighbors kindly, but also to exchange gifts with them.The wording of the tradition does not indicate whether or not the one with whom we exchange gifts is a Muslim. Besides that, there are a number of implications arising from the dispute among Muslims scholars regarding who should be considered as the neighbor of one particular person. Based on our discussion, we do prefer the opinion of al-Malikiyyah who stressed the importance of customary practices in determining the boundaries of neighborhood without neglecting the function f the mosque as a place for the residents to congregate especially the Muslims to serve themselves as slaves to Allah (S. W. T). In our point of view, the implication of the Islamic idea of the settlement for planning neighborhood is rather ideological. One of them is that the planners and users of Islamic neighborhoods perceive the latter as both the fields and means for the implementation of Allah’s commands. Creating decent houses and neighborhoods thus stands for a societal duty the neglecting of which, partly or totally, accounts for a wrong doing. This is so because possessing a decent house which will be surrounded by a decent neighborhood could be seen as falling within the necessary minimum the lack of which may cause one not to be able to rise to the requirements of the vicegerent task for which people have been created. Moreover, neighborhoods with all their facilities assist people in discharging the diverse worship activities of theirs. In Islam, the notion of worship is a universal one encompassing every action of men, which means the process of creating excellent neighborhoods can be transformed into an act of worship as well. You read "Islamic Neighborhood" in category "Papers" Importance of Neighbors and Their RightsIn Islam, refraining from harming one’s neighbor is a part of faith. The Prophet sometimes used to show the importance of teachings by saying, â€Å"Whoever believes in God and the Last Day let him do such-and-such . . . .† Among the prophetic traditions that employ this method of conveying a message is the following narrated from Abu Hurayra: â€Å"Whoever believes in God and the Last Day should not harm his neighbor. † Another important teaching of God’s Messenger showing the importance of neighborliness is narrated from Anas: â€Å"By Him in whose hand is my soul, no man truly believes until he loves for his neighbor what he loves for himself. The Prophet stated that treating our neighbors well is a part of being a Muslim. Abu Hurayra narrated that the Prophet said, â€Å"Be God-fearing: you will be the best in worship among the people.Be content with your lot: you will be the most grateful of people. Like for people what you would like for yourself: you will be a believer. Treat your neighbor well: you will be a Muslim. † Other important teachings on neighborliness include visiting neighbors when they are ill, consoling them at times of sorrow and congratulating them at times of joy, not staring into their house, not staring at what they carry into heir house and not looking at their womenfolk, taking care of their family’s needs when they are absent, and forgiving their mistakes. Good Relations with Neighbors The importance of having good relationships with neighbors is sometimes emphasized in general as in the following tradition narrated from Abdullah ibn Amr: â€Å"The best of friends, in God’s sight, is the one who is best to his friend; and the best of neighbors, in God’s sight, is the one who is best to his neighbor. † Sometimes very specific aspects of neighbor relationships are pinpointed, but the recommendations do not stop there.We are encouraged not only to have good relations with our neighbors, but also to initiate good deeds. For instance, we are recommended to be the first to greet a neighbor. Kindness to neighbors is always presented as the norm. In Islam, being good to one’s neighbors encompasses a number of deeds: visiting them, being kind to them in general, and helping them when they need our help. The recommendations even go as far as buying similar things for our neighbors’ children to those we buy for ours. If we are unable to do this, we are discouraged from showing our neighbors’ children what we bought for our children.Narrated from Aisha, the Prophet said, â€Å"Gabriel kept recommending me to treat my neighbor well until I thought that he would tell me to make him one of my heirs. † Abda ibn Ali Lubaba narrates from the Messenger of God: â€Å"No deed which harms a neighbor can be regarded as insignificant. † We should share what we have with our neighbors. Narrated from Abu Dharr the Prophet stated, â€Å"Whenever you cook some stew, add extra water to it, then look for some household in your neighborhood and give it to them in kindness. In his historic sermon during the Farewell Pilgrimage, in which he summarized the most important points of his teachings, the Prophet did not fail to mention neighbors and emphasized their rights to such an extent that the eminent companion Abu Umama also thought that the Prophet would make neighbors heirs: â€Å"I heard the Prophet when he was seated on his she-camel during the Farewell Pilgrimage, saying, ‘I enjoin you to treat your neighbors well,’ and urging their good treatment so much that I thought, he is going to give them the rights of inheritance. Christian and Jewish Neighbors in Islam History bears witness to the fact that Christians and Jews, the â€Å"People of the Book† as they are called in the Qur’an, have lived alongside Muslims in many regions of the Islamic world, secure in the knowledge that they, their honor, and their wealth were safe, enjoying a good neighborly relationship, with good treatment and freedom of worship.Their ancient churches still exist in Muslim villages clinging to mountaintops, surrounded by Muslim community who upholds the well-being of their Jewish and Christian neighbors. When the Prophet was about to pass on to the next world, he stated: â€Å"I place in your trust the People of the Book, the Christians and Jews. † When ‘Umar was in the throes of death due to a dagger wound, he warned: â€Å"I place the People of the Book among us in your trust.Fear God regarding them and treat them justly. † Islam aims at spreading mutual love and affection among neighbors. The ways in which people may achieve this are many, and include attitudes ranging from making sure that your neighbor does not sleep hungry while you sleep well fed, to the exchange of gifts. The Muslim attitude toward neighbors includes wishing for their neighbors what they wish for themselves. It includes the sharing of happiness and sorrow.It prohibits spying on them, gossiping about them, and harming them in any way. Instead it establishes respect for their privacy, and keeping common use areas—such as apartment building entrances, streets and sidewalks—clean. The Prophet also said, â€Å"Among the things that bring happiness to a Muslim in this life are a righteous neighbor, a spacious house, and a good steed. † We have tried to shed some light on the Muslim attitude toward neighbors and the importance of neighbor relationships in Islam. The Islamic tradition in this respect is fairly rich and invites the interested reader to further research. A healthy society can be established only through healthy neighborhoods. Education is the key to instilling healthy attitudes of neighborliness in our children as well as in adults. This concept deserves discussion in the classrooms of public schools as well as in seminars and conferences in universities. This flower should be given to all societies as a gift and love should be shared in the community through knowledge. How to cite Islamic Neighborhood, Papers

Monday, May 4, 2020

Best Buy Management

Question: What isBest Buy? Explain. Answer: Best buy is an american multinational corporation that deals in consumer electronics and goods. The company has its headquarters in richfield, minnesota while it operates in the united states, canada and mexico. The company was founded in 1966 as an audio speciality store by richard m. Schulze and gary smoliak and shifted its focus towards consumer electronics during 1983. Recently, in 2011, the company closed all its stores in china and merged them with five star. The company deals in a variety of consumer electronics and merchandise, such as software, video games, smartphones, video cameras, digital cameras, home appliances, etc. In a non-commissioned sales environment. The company has a workforce of almost 125,000 employees and has around 1,050 stores throughout the world. The company earned revenue of $42.568 billion in 2016 ("about best buy - best buy corporate news and information", 2016). The company has been criticised by the customers on a number of grounds, such as pricing and warranty issues but the company has been following ethical and green business practices since quite some time. The company is one of the many large companies that were criticised for purchasing raw material from companies that were causing unethical deforestation of taiga in canada. Since then, the company launched a greener together program, which was aimed at increasing the energy efficiency of its products and stores so that the company could play its role in saving the environment. The company is one of the top 50 companies that use green power. In 2011, best buy purchased around 119 million kilowatt-hours of green energy that was generated from renewable sources of energy. Best buy structural changes One of the major concerns for the company has been the rising competition in the industry. The company has been facing a lot of stiff competition from a number of companies, such as amazon, which operates throughout the world and is dominating the online retailing industry since quite some time. To meet with the increasing competition and to bring down the operating costs, the management at best buy has been restructuring and cutting down its workforce since a long time. The company has been shaking down the structures of its workforce, including some senior level managers, so that it can become more competitive and can strengthen its market position in the years to come. One of the biggest structural changes that the company has ever introduced was seen in the year 2014. The company shook up its entire workforce when the rumours about the company laying off thousands of employees came out in the media. Earlier, the company had introduced a great leadership change in the year 2012, w hen it also closed some of its stores ("best buy canada to close stores, cut jobs in restructuring", 2016). Best buy co. Inc., in 2012, made an announcement about a change in the leadership of its united states operations, which also included the departure of two senior executives who had been working for a very long time with the company. The people who were being replaced were mike vitelli, who had been leading the companys us business since 2010 and tim sheehan, the executive vice president of the companys us operations (market, n.d.). The company also announced that its united states business would be divided into two channels, which were online and retail. The two new heads who were appointed to look after the channels were stephen gillett, president of digital and marketing, taking control of the online channel and shawn score, head of the companys connectivity business group was made the head of the retail channel. A number of sources thus reveal that the company has been struggling a lot in meeting the challenges posed by the increasing competition and needs to introduce an effecti ve change to deal with the problems ("forbes welcome", n.d.). Designing a change program Best buy is a company that had incredible results in the past but with the increase and rise in the industry competition, the company lost its business to big market players. The company is still struggling and facing a lot of problems in facing the stiff market competition and has been downsizing its workforce in order to reduce the operational costs and become more effective (sag, 2014). It is evident that the company requires a major change in its structure and operational activities so that it would be able to become more competitive in the year to come. Some sources also show that best buy was able to experience improvements in their financial outputs after they started laying off their employees but the reasons behind the improvement were not just related to employee layoffs. The improved financial outputs were due to launch of new gaming consoles, high demand for smartphones and latest led tvs, which shows that best buy could not achieve the desired results even after laying odd thousands of employees and changing the leaders of the organisation, which is one of the biggest form of change for any company ("forbes welcome", n.d.). Let us discuss a change program that would help the company in reviving its market position: First of all, the company needs to restructure its organisation from top to bottom. The company has been struggling with its organisational structure, which is evident from the fact that it has been changing its senior level executives and has been laying off thousands of employees year after year. The tendency of the company to lay off employees regularly fosters fear amongst the workforce that they might be laid off during the next downsizing. Such practices do not foster a good work environment. Therefore, the company needs to carefully analyse its human resource requirements and should try to keep only as many number of employees as are required for the proper running of operations. The downsizing should be done only once, rather than doing it year after year, and the workforce that is laid off should be properly compensated for being laid off. Once the company is able to maintain adequate workforce, it would not have to spend additional operating expenses in maintaining a larger workforce, which is not even required. Secondly, the company needs to think of a paying scheme that would allow the company to pay variable salaries to the employees, rather than paying them fixed salaries. As the company is into consumer electronics sales business, the company can implement a variable pay scheme for some employees, if not all. This would greatly help the company in cutting down the operating costs as it would not have to pay higher salaries when the sales go down. The strategy would also help the company in increasing employee engagement as they would try to work harder to earn higher salaries. The company accounts for almost one third of all the us consumer electronic purchases and is losing its market share quickly. It would not be wrong to anticipate that the company will lose all its business to the competition in the years to come. The sole reason behind the downfall of the company is that more and more retail stores are entering into the market and are increasing the competition. With the spread of apple retail stores across the world, the company further suffered a great loss in its business. One of the urgent changes that the company needs to introduce is to tie up with more and more electronic brands and introduce more products in its stores ("forbes welcome", n.d.). The company should be challenging the market competitors in terms of both price and variety. The company needs to change its strategy and lay a greater focus on pricing strategies as customers these days are looking for cheaper products. According to some resources, it has been found that the customers use best buy as a showroom to check prices of products while they make the final purchase from other online retailers, such as amazon. Multinational companies, such as wal-mart, amazon, etc. Have been able to capture the market by keeping their prices low and sticking to aggressive market strategies. Best buy too needs to regain its confidence and rather than focusing upon reducing operational costs by laying off employees, the company should now change its strategic focus and adopt strategies that would help it in providing better quality products at cheaper prices. Change agents and organisational culture The company is facing a critical situation where its business is at high risk due to increasing market competition. In such a scenario, a wrong step would do more harm to the company than the potential benefits of a successful change or strategy. Therefore, it becomes necessary for the management to carefully plan its moves, especially when it comes to downsizing of the organisation. The company needs to involve a number of change agents that would help the management in bringing about the change that it is planning to introduce. One of the