Monday, January 27, 2020
Cultural Differences in the Workplace: Australia and US Tim Johnson Anthropologist, James Downs, defined culture as Ã¢â¬Å"a mental map which guides us in our relations to our surroundings and to other peopleÃ¢â¬ (Linsell, 2011). This definition supports the idea that culture influences the way in which individuals behave. America and Australia are connected in many ways, and both countriesÃ¢â¬â¢ success is blatantly predominant even at a quick glance. Both countries are far more superior to the majority of countries around the globe, and a reason for that is their culture sets higher standards in their attempts to continue towards greatness. Although there are many similarities between the Australian and U.S. workplace culture, there are characteristics that illustrate the distinctions between the two cultures. The United States and Australia have very similar upbringings, which is the result of their ties to the British colonies. The United States was formed as a result of immigrants fleeing from religious persecution, while Australia was settled by government workers and convicts. Both countries have similar cultures because the ancestors were predominantly Anglo- Saxon/ Caucasians, and both Ã¢â¬Å"cultures grew through liberal immigration policiesÃ¢â¬ (Linsell, 2011). The reason both nations illustrate similarities in culture is because they share connection to British involvement. The Australian workplace culture differs from most, but Australia has found ways to promote excellence while still promoting happiness. Australia has a community-oriented heritage and is supporters of egalitarianism (Linsell, 2011). Egalitarianism can be defined as equality for all of man with respect to economics, politics, and society. The Australian workplace is also very multicultural, and one in every 4 workers is from another culture (Ã¢â¬Å"Spectrum MRCÃ¢â¬ , 2012). Australia also embraces different practices compared to the United States. These practices are reflected in their sometimes informal business meetings and interviews. The informality can be illustrated through their non-verbal communication such as proximity when interacting and body language (Ã¢â¬Å"Spectrum MRCÃ¢â¬ , 2012). To an outsider the Australian workplace culture may seem informal, but within many domestic organizations this is common practice. Australian organizations prefer autonomy and flexibility in the workplace (Linsell, 2011), because it promotes a positive atmosphere that results in higher productivity. The United States workplace culture is centered on command- control leadership and is hierarchy based, because equality is not deemed as important (Linsell, 2011). The hierarchy that the U.S. practices creates competition within the workplace to strive for success, while endorsing a selfish mentality among the employees. The United States takes a Ã¢â¬Å"business first approachÃ¢â¬ , and favors when employees separate their business and personal lives (Ã¢â¬Å"U.S. Business CultureÃ¢â¬ , 2011). This approach statistically encourages a more focused workplace, but at the cost of employees not finding enjoyment in their work and with their colleagues. To this day, America is still commonly referred to as Ã¢â¬Å"The Melting PotÃ¢â¬ even though the individuals that use this term do not know the true origin. This term was coined in the beginning of the 20th Century to characterize how the immigrants were all mixing together and creating one blended culture. Most individuals improperly use the term to describe different cultures simply living among one another. Australia is wonderful because there are so many diverse cultures, but all of the cultures remain unique and avoid merging in to one. The lack of combining promotes individuality, which aids in the citizens and in turn the employees becoming better developed and appreciative of their positions. The American culture is about demonstrating assertion and never displaying weakness, because weakness is commonly associated with failure. Even though the United States exhibits superiority and their practices are effective, they sacrifice the personal connections that aid to create higher team morale. The workplace culture of Australia and the U.S. take different approaches to how they operate their organizations, but similarities overlap in both cultures. The similarity that is predominant in both countries is the controversy of gender inequality (Leahy, 2011). Currently women in the workforce arenÃ¢â¬â¢t Ã¢â¬Å"able to access and enjoy the same rewards, resources, and opportunitiesÃ¢â¬ (Workplace Gender Equality Agency, 2013) that men receive in the same workplace. Even in modern society discrimination still resonates and women are unfairly forced to deal with this injustice. The term most commonly used to describe the gender inequality present in the workplace is Ã¢â¬Å"the glass ceilingÃ¢â¬ (Cotter, Hermsen, Ovadia, Vanneman, 2001). The glass ceiling alludes to a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to see to a further point than she can actually reach. Even if the average woman attempted to work towards a higher ranking position, she will typically come across difficulty when tryi ng to advance to that position. Women are still facing discrimination in employment (Doughney, 2007) and more men reach higher paid executive and specialized positions (Ross-Smith McGraw, 2010). Australia and the United States have similarities and differences, but even though they are both global leaders they still have room to expand and change from their current discriminatory practices. My experience in an Australian workplace has been eye opening and led me to a culture that has many positive differences from my own. An aspect of Australian culture that differs from my experiences in the United States is the desire to promote a community based workplace. At Greenwood Dental the employees were completely welcoming and personable; this was the beginning to my acceptance in to their workplace family. After interning for a few days, they began to see my hard work ethic and my willingness to assist anyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s needs. My determination to benefit their business in any way possible illustrated to them that I was serious about becoming a part of their team, and from that point on I was viewed as a team member. A prime example of their communal persona is seen in their lunch break room. The break room has qualities similar to a family room in a household and they also bring food for everyone to share. This may not seem like much, but promoting this type of workplace led to a productive and friendly environment. Typically in the United States, everyone keeps to themselves and does their own work, but in Australia they believe in a civic based culture. Australian culture favors equality and during my time at Greenwood, I never felt underappreciated or like an outsider. In the U.S. it is very common to feel isolated and unacknowledged, because everyone is trying to advance themselves instead of working collaboratively. All the employees know their position within the company and that the dentists are the priority, but everyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s position is necessary in order to run a successful business. Greenwood Dental was made up of many different cultures and it was exciting working with such a diverse group of individuals. It is imperative that individuals submerge themselves in additional cultures in order to understand others and even more importantly develop themselves. Greenwood DentalÃ¢â¬â¢s staff consists of employees from seven different countries, so being immersed in such a culturally rich environment aided my development towards better understanding and respect for equality. Australia and the United States come from related backgrounds and as a result the cultures share comparable characteristics, but when analyzing workplace culture the distinction is tremendously clear. The Australian workplace culture tends to be more communal and flexible, while the U.S. encourages hierarchy and competition. A positive workplace culture is a result of motivation, productivity, quality work, and retention (Ã¢â¬Å"Building a PositiveÃ¢â¬ , 2013) and in my opinion Australia is better at acquiring the positive workplace with respect to America. Australian culture strives for positivity and satisfaction, while the United States attempts to improve only their economic status. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States, once said, Ã¢â¬Å"Happiness is not the mere possession of money; it lies in the joy of achievement, in the thrill of creative effortÃ¢â¬ . After my experiences in Australia, I can assert that AustraliaÃ¢â¬â¢s workplace with respect to the U.S. has a more positive, enjoyable, and overall better atmosphere to be a part of. The Australian workplace culture chooses to sacrifice uniformity in order to allow for individuality and happiness. Bibliography Attitude Works. (2013).Ã Building a positive workplace culture. Retrieved fromÃ http://www.attitudeworks.com.au/AW_pages/attitudes/positive/positive.html Cotter, D., Hermsen, J., Ovadia, S., Vanneman, R. (2001). The glass ceiling effect.Ã TheÃ University of North Carolina Press,Ã 80(2), 655-682. Retrieved fromÃ http://www.vanneman.umd.edu/papers/CotterHOV01.pdf Cross Border Management. Cross Border Management LLC, (2011).Ã Us business culture.Ã Retrieved from website: http://www.crossbordermanagement.com/en/guides/business-culture-in-the-us Doughney, J. (2007). Women and leadership in corporate australia: questions of preference andÃ adaptive preference.Advancing Women in Leadership Journal,Ã 24, Retrieved fromÃ http://www.advancingwomen.com/awl/spring2007/doughney.htm Leahy, M. (2011). Women and work in australia.Ã Australian Policy Online, 1-4. Retrieved fromÃ http://apo.org.au/sites/default/files/Women_and_work_in_Australia_APO_guide_Mary_Leahy_0.pdf Linsell, D. (2011, Sept 07). Australia and America arent that different, right?.Ã DynamicÃ Business. Retrieved from http://www.dynamicbusiness.com.au/export/australia-and-america-arenÃ¢â¬â¢t-that-different-right-792011.html Ross-Smith, A., McGraw, P. (2010). Eowa 2010.Ã Equal Opportunity for Women in theÃ Workplace Agency, 1-32. Retrieved from https://www.wgea.gov.au/sites/default/files/2010_census_tag.pdf Spectrum Migrant Resource Centre. Spectrum Migrant Resource Centre, (2012).Ã UnderstandingÃ australian workplace culture. Retrieved from Receivers to Givers website:Ã http://www.spectrumvic.org.au/content/download/5667/28832/file/Spectrum MRC Ã Understanding Australian Workplace Culture.pdf Workplace Gender Equality Agency. (2013).Ã About workplace gender equality. Retrieved fromÃ https://www.wgea.gov.au/learn/about-workplace-gender-equality
Sunday, January 19, 2020
The elementary years of my life were the most stress free and enjoyable time of my life. I remember back when I was in elementary school, after school I would go to my backyard to catch frogs in the lake backyard. My best friend, Steven, and I would also go to the park and play in the playground. Life was too good during the earlier years. No conflicts, just scrapped knees. This was the time I also first learned how to ride my back. It was the most rewarding day I can remember. At first, I believed I could never learn to ride a bike. But with the assistance of my dad it was all possible. I remember the moment so clearly, my dad letting go of me. I pedaled feeling as if I was flying. The only problem was that I did not learn how to stop yet. What happened later is not as lovely. Ms. Fazio the best fifth grade teacher anyone can ask for. I also remember going to Islands of Adventure towards the end of my fifth grade year. Mrs. Fazio and I rode in the front of a roller coaster, I believe the ride was called Dueling Dragon. I just remember Ms.Ã Fazio screaming through the whole ride. The day overall was amazing. But sadly bygones are just bygones. Now I have to worry about college, homework, work, and my future. I miss having to worry about scraped knees and getting my agenda signed. Life was good during the elementary days. Come home watch television, eat cookies, and go out feeling as though nothing can go wrong. Running around during recess and playing tag. Times sadly have sadly changed. Now I am just left with these nostalgic feelings.
Saturday, January 11, 2020
James Joyce Essay: First Two Pages James Joyce, author of Ã¢â¬Å"Araby,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Eveline,Ã¢â¬ and Ulysses, attempts to correct the way of life in his home town of Dublin, Ireland, through his works. He does this through the theme of coming of age and recurring religious allusions in Ã¢â¬Å"ArabyÃ¢â¬ . Additionally, Joyce talks about family in Ã¢â¬Å"EvelineÃ¢â¬ through the themes of escape and betrayal. In Ulysses, he uses stream of consciousness to depict the importance of a father by rewriting HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s The Odyssey.James Joyce addresses many Irish problems of his time through his works: such as, religious issues in Ã¢â¬Å"ArabyÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"EvelineÃ¢â¬ and social problems in Ulysses. James Augustine Aloysius Joyce was born on February 2, 1882, in Dublin, Ireland (Ã¢â¬Å"James JoyceÃ¢â¬ 1). His inspiration for writing came from his experiences in this town. For example, James JoyceÃ¢â¬â¢s father was a highly regarded tenor singer in Ireland; but being a singer, no steady income existed for his family (1).Adding to this lack of stability, his father was also an alcoholic, so his family never had much money to live on during JoyceÃ¢â¬â¢s childhood (1). This situation with his father most likely gave James the inspiration to write about paternity in his novel Ulysses. James Joyce, however, not only wrote about his own family, he also wrote about the entire society in Dublin. When Joyce traveled to Paris, France, in 1902, he discovered a Ã¢â¬Å"liberated city completely opposite that of his native cityÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"The Life and WorkÃ¢â¬ 1). For this reason, Joyce wrote all of his pieces of literature about Dublin.He wrote about Irish politics, which his parents introduced him to; and he wrote about what he thought life should be like in Dublin based on how it is in Paris (1). James Joyce additionally wrote about his wife. His wife, Nora Barnacle, provided Joyce with a person for him to develop his groundbreaking female charact ers, such as Molly Bloom in Ulysses. For Molly Bloom, Joyce actually asked his wife to cheat on him so that he would be in the same situation as the characters in Ulysses (Ellman 58). From his life in Dublin, James Joyce received ample inspiration from the social unrest of his hometown.
Thursday, January 2, 2020
The infamous southern great wall of America According to Jeffrey M. Jones, polls reveal that national security and immigration are some of the most important issues for voters in the 2016 presidential election (1). Both issues are directly related with the need to secure our southern border. In our present times national security became a priority. According to Tricia Escobedo, the last yearÃ¢â¬â¢s terrorist attack in Paris on the night of November 13th left 129 people dead and hundreds wounded. The perpetrators were a mix of French nationals, and Syrian refugees that migrate to Europe due to the current open door policy for asylum seekers (1). We have a problem because our southern border is an open door for foreign terrorist to enter our country, due to the fact that the many people cross illegally. According to Stephen Dinan, nearly 800,000 people arrived in the past two years (1). I am veteran of the United States Army that deployed many times to Afghanistan, I lived in what we call forward operating bases, this forward operating bases had a secure perimeter due to the presence of physical barrier in this case a wall, in order to protect the people inside, and this solution work because it keep any threats away. We had 100 percent control of the people entering the Forward Operating Base, this kind of control reduced drastically any possibility that a foreign terrorist could enter inside the base, and cause severe casualties between the civilian and military personnel. WeShow MoreRelatedWhy Jackie Robinson Was The First Pro Ball Player844 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDuring the Gilded age many social class, racial walls and gender bias developed lines walls and boundaries for people. 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